Research Fellows

Dr. Justin Harrison Duff specializes in New Testament interpretation. His research interests include the concept of sin in the ancient world, the sacrificial laws of the Hebrew Bible, Second Temple Jewish hermeneutics, and the high priestly Christology of the Epistle to the Hebrews. He recently completed his doctoral thesis at the University of St Andrews (2019) and is currently working on broader concepts of sacrifice in the ancient and modern world. He is particularly attending to the identification of righteous speech as sacrifice and the various “sacrificializations” of Christ’s incarnate body in the Eucharist and Western art. His recent publications include:

“The Blood of Goats and Calves…and Bulls? An Allusion to Isaiah 1:11 LXX in Hebrews 10:4.” Journal of Biblical Literature 138 (2018): 765–83.

Atonement: Jewish and Christian Origins. Edited by Max Botner, Justin Harrison Duff, and Simon Dürr. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, forthcoming 2020.

Dr Jonathan Rutledge’s current projects primarily revolve around questions concerning the atonement and the epistemology of theology. Among the topics he is exploring are the development of a sacrificial explanation of the atonement, the implausibility of locating a strongly retributivist ethical commitment in scripture and bringing the work of contemporary analytic epistemology into conversation with mainstream theology.

He received his PhD in philosophy at the University of Oklahoma (2016) under Linda Zagzebski for his work on skeptical theism as a response to the argument from suffering and received a PhD in theology at the University of St Andrews (2018) under Alan Torrance for his work on the nature of forgiveness and divine-human reconciliation.

His recent publications include:

  1.  “Analyzing the Muddles of ‘Analysis’: (Some of) What Analytic Theologians Can Learn  from the History of Analytic Feminism,Modern Theology (forthcoming).
  2. “Tempering the Cosmic Scope Problem for Christian
  3. Soteriology: Hylemorphic Animalism and Gregory of Nazianzus,” Religious Studies (forthcoming).
  4. “Perspectival Skeptical Theism,” Faith and Philosophy (forthcoming).
  5. “Purgatory, Hypertime and Temporal Experience,” Journal of Analytic Theology(forthcoming).
  6. “Retributivism Rejected: A Restorative Hope for Justice in the Age to Come,” in Being Saved: Explorations in Soteriology and Human Ontology,edited by Marc Cortez, Joshua Farris, and Mark Hamilton (London: SCM Press, forthcoming).
  7. “Original Sin, the Fall, and Epistemic Self-Trust,” TheoLogica(forthcoming).
  8. “Commonsense, Skeptical Theism, and Different Sorts of Closure of Inquiry Defeat,” Faith and Philosophy1 (2017): 17-32.
  9. “Skeptical Theism, Moral Skepticism & Epistemic Propriety,” International Journal for Philosophy of Religion3 (2017): 263-272.
  10. “The Parent Analogy: A Reassessment,” International Journal for Philosophy of Religion (forthcoming)
  11. “An Epistemological Corrective for Doctrines of Assurance,” European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 1 (2017): 163-177.
  12. Review of Locating Atonement, edited by Oliver Crisp & Fred Sanders (Journal of Biblical and Theological Studies)
  13. Review of The Problem of Evil, by Peter van Inwagen (Gifford Lecture Book Review)
  14. Review of Exemplarist Moral Theory, by Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski (Gifford Lecture Book Review)